Fred Deux 1924-2015
- Born in Boulogne-Billancourt, Paris. The Deux family lived in the basement of a building close to the Seine that was often flooded. These living conditions formed the biographical core around in which the artist would develop his work as a future writer and artist.
- Deux worked in a factory as an electrician and night guard.
- Deux becomes part of the FTP group to resist against the factory. And then joined the Maquis du Doubs.
- At the liberation, Deux joined the Moroccan Goumier, and took part of the campaigns of Vosges, Alsace and Germany.
- Returned to France. Installation in Marseille. Worked in an important library that belonged to the family of his wife.
- Discovered Breton, Bataille, Cendrars, Peret, Sade… and founded the sub-group of Surrealists in Marseille and formed a link with the literary magazine of Marseille, Cahiers du Sud
Encounters the works of Paul Klee.
He begins creating his first stains with paint for bicycle and impressions (fabric and ink). At the same time, he begins to take notes for what would become “Les Rats”, first version of “La Gana”.
- Meets Cecile Reims, engraver, who becomes his partner.
- Leaves the surrealist group.
- Published “La Gana” with Maurice Nadeau.
- Enters the Galerie Alain Margaron, who exclusively represents Deux since 2001.
- Death of the artist, at age 91.
Musée national d’art moderne, Centre Pompidou, Paris
Musée des beaux-arts, Lyon
Bibliothèque nationale, Paris
Centre national d’art contemporain, Paris
Musée Cantini, Marseille
Musée de l’Hospice Saint-Roch, Issoudun
Musée de Bochum, Allemagne
Musée Panorama, Allemagne
Musée Jenisch, Vevey, Suisse
- Fred Deux, L’alter ego (Centre Pompidou, 2004).
- Traits d’Union (Ateliers des Brisants, coll. Alain Margaron, 2007).
- Fred Deux au XXIe siècle (Alain Margaron Editeur, 2010).
- Fred Deux, Dessins bruissants, pensées murmurées (Alain Margaron Editeur, 2013).
- Fred Deux, Le livre de la vie (ed. Panorama Museum, 2014).
- Fred Deux, Le dessin à corps perdu (ed. Musée de l’Hospice Saint-Roch, 2014).
- Fred Deux, Le For intérieur (Co-édition Vevey, Musée Jenisch / Paris, Les Cahiers dessinés, 2015).