Fred Deux

Fred Deux 1924-2015

Artworks 

Biography
1924
Born in Boulogne-Billancourt, Paris. The Deux family lived in the basement of a building close to the Seine that was often flooded. These living conditions formed the biographical core around in which the artist would develop his work as a future writer and artist.
1942
Deux worked in a factory as an electrician and night guard.
1943
Deux becomes part of the FTP group to resist against the factory. And then joined the Maquis du Doubs.
1945
At the liberation, Deux joined the Moroccan Goumier, and took part of the campaigns of Vosges, Alsace and Germany.
1947
Returned to France. Installation in Marseille. Worked in an important library that belonged to the family of his wife.
1948
Discovered Breton, Bataille, Cendrars, Peret, Sade… and founded the sub-group of Surrealists in Marseille and formed a link with the literary magazine of Marseille, Cahiers du Sud
Encounters the works of Paul Klee.
He begins creating his first stains with paint for bicycle and impressions (fabric and ink). At the same time, he begins to take notes for what would become “Les Rats”, first version of “La Gana”.
1951
Meets Cecile Reims, engraver, who becomes his partner.
1954
Leaves the surrealist group.
1958
Published “La Gana” with Maurice Nadeau.
1999
Enters the Galerie Alain Margaron, who exclusively represents Deux since 2001.
2015
Death of the artist, at age 91.

 

Public collections

Musée national d’art moderne, Centre Pompidou, Paris

Musée des beaux-arts, Lyon

Bibliothèque nationale, Paris

Centre national d’art contemporain, Paris

Musée Cantini, Marseille

Musée de l’Hospice Saint-Roch, Issoudun

Musée de Bochum, Allemagne

Musée Panorama, Allemagne

Musée Jenisch, Vevey, Suisse

 

Literature

Fred Deux, L’alter ego (Centre Pompidou, 2004).
Traits d’Union (Ateliers des Brisants, coll. Alain Margaron, 2007).
Fred Deux au XXIe siècle (Alain Margaron Editeur, 2010).
Fred Deux, Dessins bruissants, pensées murmurées (Alain Margaron Editeur, 2013).
Fred Deux, Le livre de la vie (ed. Panorama Museum, 2014).
Fred Deux, Le dessin à corps perdu (ed. Musée de l’Hospice Saint-Roch, 2014).
Fred Deux, Le For intérieur (Co-édition Vevey, Musée Jenisch / Paris, Les Cahiers dessinés, 2015).